1 Farrer Park Station Road #13-18 Farrer Park Medical Centre Singapore 217562

Opening Hours : Mon – Fri : 8:30am to 5:30pm | Sat : 8:30am to 12:30pm
  Contact : +65 6908 6933 (Tel) +65 6443 4933 (Fax) +65 6535 8833 (For Emergency)

Back Pain

Effective Ways to Prevent Back Pain

Back pain is considered a universal human experience. In other words, it is safe to assume that many people the world over have experienced it at one point or another. The condition is considered a primary cause of disability and is considered one of the primary reasons people miss work or visit a back pain specialist.

Fortunately, certain measures can be observed to help ensure the condition is kept at bay. If prevention fails, simple home care and proper body posture and mechanics can help heal the condition in a few weeks, at least in minor cases.

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Sore Back

Sore Back? It Might Be Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis (SA) is a type of chronic inflammation of the sacroiliac joints and the spine. Chronic inflammation in those areas can result to stiffness in and around the spine including the middle and lower back, the neck, and the buttocks.

Over time, spondylitis (chronic inflammation of the spine) can result in fusion of the vertebrae. This fusion is referred to as ankylosis. In some cases, ankylosis may lead to spine mobility loss. Ankylosing spondylitis is a systemic disease. In other words, it not only affects the spine but also other tissues throughout the body.

The condition shares several features with other arthritic conditions like reactive and psoriatic arthritis. The condition is more common among men than in women. It also affects all age groups, even children. In children, the condition is referred to as juvenile ankylosing spondylitis. The condition is also known as Bechterew’s disease.

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Prevalent Symptoms of Ingrown Toenail

Ingrown toenail is a common condition characterized by the corner (or side) of the toenail growing into the soft flesh.

The condition often affects the big toe and can result to redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, an infection.

While minor cases will respond to homecare treatments, others might result to complications that will require medical intervention.

Complication risk is higher for those individuals who have diabetes or other conditions that causes poor blood circulation to the legs and feet.

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What Symptoms Point to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

The carpal tunnel is a narrow (about an inch wide) passageway in the wrist.

The tunnel’s floor and sides are formed by small bones wrist bones known as the carpal bones.

The tunnel’s roof is the transverse carpal ligament—a robust band of connective tissue.

Since the boundaries are very rigid, there is little capacity for the carpal tunnel to increase in size or “stretch.”

One of the primary nerves in the hand is called the median nerve.

It goes down the forearm and the arm, passes through the carpal tunnel, and into the hand.

The median nerve not only controls the muscles situated around the base of the thumb, it also provides the feeling in the middle, ring, and index fingers as well as the thumb.

Nine tendons that bend the thumb and the fingers also pass through the carpal tunnel.

These tendons are known as flexor tendons.

When the tunnel narrows down or when the tissues that surround the flexor tendons swell, pressure is placed on the median nerve.

When the median nerve is compressed or squeezed, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs.

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Spine Curvature Disorders: What are the Different Types?

The backbone (or the spine), is comprised of vertebrae (small bones) that are stacked one on top of another.

Viewed from the side, a healthy spine has gentle curves on it.

These curves work by helping the spine absorb stress from gravity and body movement.

Ideally, when viewed from the back, the spine should run straight down the middle of the back.

However, when spine abnormalities occur, the natural curvatures become exaggerated or misaligned in certain areas, as evident in the 3 different types of spine curvature disorders—kyphosis, scoliosis, and lordosis.

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Spinal Stenosis

Symptoms and Pain Management of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is characterized by the narrowing of the open spaces within the spine.

This narrowing can result to pressure on the spinal cord and on the nerves that pass through the spine to the legs and arms.

The condition often occurs in the neck and the lower back.

In some people, spinal stenosis will not manifest any symptoms.

However, others may experience numbness, pain, muscle weakness, tingling, and issues with bowel or bladder function.

The condition is often caused by wear-and-tear changes in the spine secondary to osteoarthritis.

In cases that are severe, surgery may be recommended in order to create additional space for the nerves or the spinal cord.

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Bone Cancer

Recognising the Potential Signs of Bone Tumours

Bone tumours occur when the cells within the bone divide uncontrollably and form a mass of abnormal tissue or lump. Most bone tumours are benign (not cancerous). Benign tumours are not life-threatening and will not spread to other parts of the body. Depending on the type, treatment interventions for benign bone tumours can range from simple observation to surgical removal.

Unfortunately, not all bone tumours are benign. Some bone tumours can be malignant or cancerous. Malignant bone tumours can cause the cancer cells to spread to other parts of the body (metastasise). Typically, the treatment approach for malignant bone tumours include a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.

Bone tumours can develop in any part of the bone (from the surface to the bone marrow) and can affect any bone in the body. A growing bone tumour, even a benign one can weaken the bone and destroy healthy tissues, making it more prone to fractures. Malignant bone tumours are either primary or secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancers originally begin in the bone while secondary bone cancers began somewhere else in the body and spread to the bone.

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Knee Massage

Managing Knee Osteoarthritis Through Physiotherapy

Also referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition characterised by the wearing away of the cartilage (the joint’s natural cushion). When the cartilage wears away, the bones will rub against each other resulting in stiffness, swelling, and reduced movement. In some cases, osteoarthritis can also result in the development of bone spurs.

Knee Osteoarthritis

While age is considered a primary risk factor for knee osteoarthritis, for some it can be hereditary. Although the chance of developing the condition significantly increases after the age of 55 years, knee osteoarthritis can also occur even in young individuals. For others, the condition can develop from infection, injury, or from being overweight. Osteoarthritis is also more prevalent in women than in men.

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