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All Posts in Category: Knee

Knee Massage

Managing Knee Osteoarthritis Through Physiotherapy

Also referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition characterised by the wearing away of the cartilage (the joint’s natural cushion). When the cartilage wears away, the bones will rub against each other resulting in stiffness, swelling, and reduced movement. In some cases, osteoarthritis can also result in the development of bone spurs.

Knee Osteoarthritis

While age is considered a primary risk factor for knee osteoarthritis, for some it can be hereditary. Although the chance of developing the condition significantly increases after the age of 55 years, knee osteoarthritis can also occur even in young individuals. For others, the condition can develop from infection, injury, or from being overweight. Osteoarthritis is also more prevalent in women than in men.

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Sport Injury

ACL Injuries: What are the Possible Causes?

Brief knee anatomy: The tough bands of fibrous tissues that connect two bones across a joint is called a ligament. Inside the knee joint, you can find the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). The two ligaments connect the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (the lower leg bone).  The PCL and the ACL form an “X” inside the knee and functions by stabilizing it against back-to-front and front-to-back (shear) forces and when the ACL ligament is stretched beyond its normal limit or torn, an ACL injury occurs.

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ACL Injury: When is Surgery Necessary?

The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the four main ligaments that connects the femur to the tibia. The knee is a hinged joint held together by the lateral collateral (LCL), posterior cruciate (PCL), medial collateral (MCL), and anterior cruciate (ACL) ligaments. The ACL runs diagonally in the knee’s middle and prevents the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur. It also provides rotational stability to the knee. The ACL is one of the commonly injured ligaments of the knee. In fact, ACL injuries are estimated at 200,000 yearly. ACL reconstructions performed yearly are also estimated at 100,000. Understandably, the incidence of ACL injury is generally higher in individuals who engage in high-risk sports like football, basketball, soccer, and skiing which involves a lot of pivoting. At least 50 percent of ACL injuries occur in combination with articular and meniscus damage.

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Common Knee Injuries

Knee injuries are very common.

In fact, it has been identified as one of the most prevalent reasons people see their doctors. In 2010 alone, approximately 10.4 million patients in the USA visited the doctor because of knee fractures, sprains, dislocations, ligament tears, and other injuries. Since the knee is a complex joint, it is vulnerable to a variety of injuries.

Fortunately, many knee injuries can be treated successfully using conventional measures (rehabilitation exercises, bracing, immobilization, etc.). However, other knee injuries might require surgery.

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Bjios Knee Replacement Surgery

Understanding Knee Replacement Surgery

Why do My Knees Hurt?

Your knees are made up of 3 bones, the femur (thigh), the tibia (leg) and the knee cap (patella). In healthy knees, the bone surfaces come together at the joint and the cartilage, a thick layer of gliding cushion, prevents the end of the bones from creating friction. However when this layer of cushion wears out, the bones rub together creating friction and pain, and eventually deteriorate the bone surfaces –osteoarthritis.

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