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All Posts in Category: Health Basics

Bone Cancer

Recognising the Potential Signs of Bone Tumours

Bone tumours occur when the cells within the bone divide uncontrollably and form a mass of abnormal tissue or lump. Most bone tumours are benign (not cancerous). Benign tumours are not life-threatening and will not spread to other parts of the body. Depending on the type, treatment interventions for benign bone tumours can range from simple observation to surgical removal.

Unfortunately, not all bone tumours are benign. Some bone tumours can be malignant or cancerous. Malignant bone tumours can cause the cancer cells to spread to other parts of the body (metastasise). Typically, the treatment approach for malignant bone tumours include a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.

Bone tumours can develop in any part of the bone (from the surface to the bone marrow) and can affect any bone in the body. A growing bone tumour, even a benign one can weaken the bone and destroy healthy tissues, making it more prone to fractures. Malignant bone tumours are either primary or secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancers originally begin in the bone while secondary bone cancers began somewhere else in the body and spread to the bone.

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Osteosarcoma

Surgical Treatment Options for Osteosarcoma

The bone cancer that often develops in the tibia (shinbone) near the knee, humerus (upper arm bone) near the shoulder, and the femur (thighbone) near the knee is called osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma is one of the most prevalent types of malignant bone cancer. It accounts for at least 3 percent of the cancers that develop in children.

While other types of cancer can end up spreading to the bone, osteosarcoma is one of the few that begins in the bones and can spread (or metastasise) to other parts of the body. Most cases of osteosarcoma often occur during growth spurts in adolescence. This type of cancer is also more common among boys than in girls.

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Bone Tumor

What are the Different Types of Bone Tumours?

When cells divide uncontrollably and abnormally, it can form a lump or mass of tissue. The mass or lump of tissue formed is called tumour. Bone tumours form in the bones. As the tumour grows, the abnormal tissues can end up displacing the healthy tissues.

Fortunately, not all bone tumours are cancerous and many bone tumours are benign. However, while benign tumours are not fatal and are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body, they can still be dangerous and require medical attention. While not fatal, they can grow and end up compressing healthy bone tissues. Sometimes, they can also weaken the bone and lead to fractures.

On the other hand, other tumours can be cancerous or malignant. Bone tumours that are malignant can cause the cancer to spread to other parts of the body.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pain in the Joints: Should You Worry?

Joint pain is a prevalent medical condition with several likely causes. However, the condition is often attributed to three primary causes—inflammation, injury and degenerative osteoarthritis. In the elderly, joint pain that consistently gets worse usually signals osteoarthritis.

Whether joint pain is a cause for worry or not will depend on the underlying cause. In essence, joint pain can be the result of any of the following:

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Segond Fracture

Telltale Signs of Bone Fracture

The medical term for a broken bone is fracture. Fractures are very common. Some statistics show that the average person will have at least two during their lifetime. When the physical force exerted on the bone is stronger than the bone itself, a fracture can occur. Fractures can be attributed to blows, falls, and other traumatic events. However, pathologic fractures are caused by disease like cancer, causing the bone to weaken. Pathologic fractures occur with minimal or no trauma.

Osteoporosis, a condition that causes bones to lose strength as they age has caused a staggering 1.5 million fractures annually (in the United States).  Fractures attributed to osteoporosis often occur in the wrist, hip, and spine.

The fracture’s severity will depend on its location and the damage to the bone and tissue near it. Serious fractures can have dangerous complications if not properly treated including damage to the adjacent joints, nerves or blood vessels. Recuperation time will vary depending on key factors like type of fracture and overall health and age of the patient.

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Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy in a Nutshell

What is Physiotherapy?

The holistic approach to healthcare that aims to restore function and movement in individuals affected by illness, injury, and disability is called physiotherapy. Physiotherapy can also help reduce pain and stiffness, repair soft tissue damage, enhance mobility, and improve the patient’s overall functions and life quality. Physiotherapy is provided by regulated and specially-trained practitioners called physiotherapists. With the use of evidence-based care and advanced techniques, physiotherapists diagnose, assess, treat, and prevent a vast range of movement disorders and health conditions.

Physiotherapy also extends to acute care, rehabilitation, health promotion, injury prevention, functional mobility maintenance, occupational health, chronic disease management, dietary and exercise management, and patient and carer education.

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Rotator Cuff Tear

Minimally Invasive Repair for Rotator Cuff Injuries

Fast Facts

  • The rotator cuff is comprised of four musculotendinous units. The muscles help stabilize and move the shoulder joint.
  • Damage to any (or all) of the four muscles (alongside the ligaments that attach the muscles to the bones) can be attributed to chronic overuse, gradual aging, or acute weakness
  • The damage can result in -pain, decreased motion range (and use of the shoulder joint), weakness in raising the arm and in some instances, disability.

Anatomy

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint. It makes moving the arm in several directions possible. It is made up of the upper end of the upper arm’s bone (humeral head) fitting into the shoulder blade’s (scapula) glenoid fossa. The labrum and the joint capsule keeps the humeral head in place. The rotator cuff muscles are considered the movers and the dynamic stabilizers of the shoulder joint. It also adjusts the scapula and humeral head’s position during shoulder movement.

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The Gout by James Gillray

Joint Pain: Here Are Some of the Likely Causes

Quick Facts About Joint Pain

  • Joint pain is otherwise referred to as arthralgia.
  • The condition can be caused by disease or injury of the adjacent tissues or the joint itself.
  • The area at which two ends of the bones meet to provide motion is called a joint.
  • The typical joint is made up of bones that are separated by the cartilage. The cartilage acts as cushioning pad and gliding surface for the articulating bones.

Likely Causes of Joint Pain

In essence, joint pain can pertain to the aches, soreness, and discomfort in any of the joints in the body. Joint pain is a common concern and typically does not require medical treatment.  However, sometimes, it can manifest as a result of injury.

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