1 Farrer Park Station Road #13-18 Farrer Park Medical Centre Singapore 217562

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Bone Cancer

Recognising the Potential Signs of Bone Tumours

Bone tumours occur when the cells within the bone divide uncontrollably and form a mass of abnormal tissue or lump. Most bone tumours are benign (not cancerous). Benign tumours are not life-threatening and will not spread to other parts of the body. Depending on the type, treatment interventions for benign bone tumours can range from simple observation to surgical removal.

Unfortunately, not all bone tumours are benign. Some bone tumours can be malignant or cancerous. Malignant bone tumours can cause the cancer cells to spread to other parts of the body (metastasise). Typically, the treatment approach for malignant bone tumours include a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery.

Bone tumours can develop in any part of the bone (from the surface to the bone marrow) and can affect any bone in the body. A growing bone tumour, even a benign one can weaken the bone and destroy healthy tissues, making it more prone to fractures. Malignant bone tumours are either primary or secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancers originally begin in the bone while secondary bone cancers began somewhere else in the body and spread to the bone.

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Knee Massage

Managing Knee Osteoarthritis Through Physiotherapy

Also referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition characterised by the wearing away of the cartilage (the joint’s natural cushion). When the cartilage wears away, the bones will rub against each other resulting in stiffness, swelling, and reduced movement. In some cases, osteoarthritis can also result in the development of bone spurs.

Knee Osteoarthritis

While age is considered a primary risk factor for knee osteoarthritis, for some it can be hereditary. Although the chance of developing the condition significantly increases after the age of 55 years, knee osteoarthritis can also occur even in young individuals. For others, the condition can develop from infection, injury, or from being overweight. Osteoarthritis is also more prevalent in women than in men.

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Limb Salvage Surgery

Limb Salvage Surgery Overview

The surgery performed to remove soft-tissue and bone cancer in the limbs while retaining the affected parts is limb salvage surgery. The procedure is done to remove the cancer and avoid amputation (while retaining the greatest possible degree of function and preserving the patient’s appearance). Limb salvage surgery is a common procedure to treat bone sarcomas and tumors and soft tissue sarcomas that affect the extremities.

In essence, limb salvage surgery has become an alternative to amputation and is performed to treat cancers that originate in the limb and those cancers that have not invaded the soft tissues yet. Decades ago, the standard treatment route for patients with cancer in the limb was amputation of the affected extremity. Fortunately, thanks to dramatic improvements in surgical techniques (resection and reconstruction ), imaging methods (CT scans and MRIs), and high survival rates of patients treated using chemotherapy, limb cancer treatment will no longer always involve losing the extremity affected.

Otherwise known as limb-sparing surgery, limb salvage surgery entails removing the cancer and a margin of the surrounding healthy tissues. Once removed, the bone will be replaced. The replacement can be in the form of synthetic metal implant (prosthesis) or a piece of bone (graft). The graft can be taken from the patient’s own body (autologous transplant) or it can come from a donor body (cadaver) and frozen until needed for the transplant (allograft). In time, the transplanted bone will eventually grow into the patient’s remaining bone. Radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of both may be used to shrink the tumor before surgery is carried out.

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Osteosarcoma

Surgical Treatment Options for Osteosarcoma

The bone cancer that often develops in the tibia (shinbone) near the knee, humerus (upper arm bone) near the shoulder, and the femur (thighbone) near the knee is called osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma is one of the most prevalent types of malignant bone cancer. It accounts for at least 3 percent of the cancers that develop in children.

While other types of cancer can end up spreading to the bone, osteosarcoma is one of the few that begins in the bones and can spread (or metastasise) to other parts of the body. Most cases of osteosarcoma often occur during growth spurts in adolescence. This type of cancer is also more common among boys than in girls.

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Achilles

Prevention and Treatment of Achilles Tendinitis

The largest tendon in the body is the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon which connects to the calf muscles to the heel bone is used when walking, jumping, or running. While the Achilles tendon can often withstand stress from jumping and running, it can become prone to tendinitis. Achilles tendinitis is characterized by pain along the back of the leg (near the heel).

Essentially, the condition is attributed to both degeneration and overuse.

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Sport Injury

ACL Injuries: What are the Possible Causes?

Brief knee anatomy: The tough bands of fibrous tissues that connect two bones across a joint is called a ligament. Inside the knee joint, you can find the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). The two ligaments connect the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (the lower leg bone).  The PCL and the ACL form an “X” inside the knee and functions by stabilizing it against back-to-front and front-to-back (shear) forces and when the ACL ligament is stretched beyond its normal limit or torn, an ACL injury occurs.

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Bone Tumor

What are the Different Types of Bone Tumours?

When cells divide uncontrollably and abnormally, it can form a lump or mass of tissue. The mass or lump of tissue formed is called tumour. Bone tumours form in the bones. As the tumour grows, the abnormal tissues can end up displacing the healthy tissues.

Fortunately, not all bone tumours are cancerous and many bone tumours are benign. However, while benign tumours are not fatal and are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body, they can still be dangerous and require medical attention. While not fatal, they can grow and end up compressing healthy bone tissues. Sometimes, they can also weaken the bone and lead to fractures.

On the other hand, other tumours can be cancerous or malignant. Bone tumours that are malignant can cause the cancer to spread to other parts of the body.

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Football

Sports Injuries: What are the Most Prevalent?

Injuries that occur while exercising or engaged in sports are generally referred to as “sports injuries.”

Regardless whether you’re an elite athlete or a weekend warrior, there is always the probability of getting injured. While some sports injuries are the result of accidents, others can be attributed to improper gear and poor training practices. In addition, not stretching or warming up properly before playing or exercising can also lead to injuries.

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